Section 1 - Foundations of Chemistry
Section 2 - Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
Section 3 - Chemical Quantities and Stoichiometry
Section 4 - Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry
Section 5 - Gases
Section 6 - Thermochemistry
Section 7 - The Quantum Mechanical View of the Atom and Periodicity
Section 8 - Chemical Bonding
Section 9 - Covalent Bonding and Molecular Orbitals
Section 10 - Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces
Section 11 - Solutions and Their Properties
Section 12 - Chemical Kinetics
Section 13 - Chemical Equilibrium
Section 14 - Acids and Bases
Section 15 - Applications of Acid-Base Equilibria
Section 16 - Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy
Section 17 - Electrochemistry
Section 18 - Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry
Section 19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Section 20 - An Introduction to Organic Chemistry
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Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy -- Section 16 of General Chemistry Notes is 10 pages in length (page 16-1 through page 16-10) and covers ALL you'll need to know on the following lecture/book topics:
SECTION 16 - Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy
16-1 -- The First Law of Thermodynamics
16-1 -- Spontaneous Processes and Entropy (S)
· The Definition of Entropy
· Entropy of Solids, Liquids, and Gases
16-3 -- The Change in Entropy
16-3 -- The Second Law of Thermodynamics
16-4 -- Gibbs Free Energy
· The Free Energy Change
· (delta)G = (delta)H - T(delta)S
· Threshold Temperature
16-5 -- Entropy Changes in Chemical Reactions
· Less Disorder vs. More Disorder
· Standard Entropy Values
· Calculating the Standard Entropy Value
16-7 -- Free Energy and Chemical Reactions
· The Standard Free Energy Change
· Three Ways to Calculate (delta)G°
· Standard Free Energies of Formation
16-9 -- The Relationship between Free Energy and the Equilibrium Constant
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